Jaguar cichlids are a large cichlid native to freshwater habitats in Central America, where they are found from Honduras to Costa Rica. The scientific name or species name refers to Lake Managua in Nicaragua from where the holotype was obtained. This cichlid is also a food fish and is also found in the aquarium trade where it has a number of common nicknames including the jaguar cichlid, managuense cichlid or managua cichlid, guapote tigre, Aztec cichlid, spotted guapote and jaguar guapote.
Managuensis are a very popular species of its genus and is kept in community tanks with other large cichlids like Midas cichlids. As with all members of the genus, the jaguar cichlid is a large, aggressive and territorial member of the Cichlidae. Jaguar cichlids display a shade of yellow/bronze throughout the body. This yellow coloration is then scattered with vivid black spots which are seen all along the flanks and gill plates. There is a series of several large black dots then run horizontally along the lateral line area. The fins are often a dark to black coloration, especially when in spawning coloration.
The female is similarly colored, but generally smaller than the male. The female will also lack the elongated extensions to the dorsal fins. It is highly advisable that a breeding pair of jaguar cichlids, or any other member of the Parachromis, are kept isolated in a breeding tank, with the exception of very large aquaria, as a breeding pair will become hyper-aggressive, and pose great danger to any other fish in the aquarium.