Red Spotted Severum - Peaceful South American Cichlid
The Red Spotted Severum, scientifically known as Heros efasciatus, is a captivating and colorful gem within the diverse world of freshwater cichlids. What distinguishes this species is its striking appearance, characterized by a splendid interplay of vibrant red spots set against a lush green or turquoise backdrop. These red spots, which can vary in intensity and pattern, are prominently displayed on the fish's body, giving it a unique and eye-catching allure.
Originating from the Amazon Basin in South America, the Red Spotted Severum reflects the rich biodiversity of its native habitat. In the wild, it inhabits slow-moving rivers, tributaries, and lagoons, where submerged tree roots and rocky formations offer shelter and breeding sites. This natural environment provides valuable insights into their care requirements when kept in captivity.
As a tropical fish, Red Spotted Severums thrive in the warm waters of a well-maintained aquarium. They prefer temperatures ranging from 76°F to 82°F (24°C to 28°C) and water conditions with a slightly acidic to neutral pH level and moderate water hardness. Understanding and replicating these conditions are crucial for their health and longevity in a home aquarium.
Quick Facts on Red Spotted Severum
: Red Spotted Severum
: Heros efasciatus
: South America, specifically the Amazon Basin
: Typically reaches 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) in length, although some individuals may grow larger.
: Generally peaceful for a cichlid, but can exhibit territorial behavior, especially during breeding.
: Omnivorous, they accept a varied diet of high-quality pellets, live or frozen foods like brine shrimp and bloodworms, and occasional plant matter.
Minimum Tank Size
: A tank with a minimum capacity of 50 gallons is recommended to provide ample swimming space and accommodate their size.
: They thrive in a temperature range of 76°F to 82°F (24°C to 28°C).
: Prefers slightly acidic to neutral water conditions, with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0.