Keeping Midas Cichlid Fish in The Aquarium

imageWelcome to a website run by a cichlid hobbyist for cichlid hobbyists. The purpose of this site is to provide information on the cichlid known as Amphilophus citrinellus or by its common name the Midas Cichlid. At you can find information ranging from care, breeding, feeding, morphs, helpful tips, breeders and more.

Information provided on this site will include a close relative known as Amphilophus labiatus. Additionally it is worth noting that hybrid cichlids have become part of our culture and are main stream now in pet stores and many online cichlid websites. Therefore information, pictures, videos of Parrot cichlids, Blood Parrot cichlids, Red Texas cichlids will be offered here for sale.

Essentially there will be an ongoing effort to add and expand this site with the latest helpful information on this beautiful cichlid species. The Midas Cichlid also goes by another common name, which is the Red Devil and sometimes it’s called Red Devil Fish or Red Devil Cichlid.

The Red Devil is often used to describe another species, which is similar in size, color and temperament, Amphilophus labiatus. While the focus of this site will be on the Midas Cichlid, it is important to include information on A. labiatus and other Amphilophus species or complexes. Even Flowerhorns too as they have become part of our culture in the aquarium hobby.

Table of Contents

Midas Cichlid Breeding
Breeding Midas Cichlids is fun and not to difficult given the right conditions and tank space.

Midas Cichlid For Sale Online
There are so many new opportunities to find attractive Midas Cichlids on sale from the internet.

Midas Cichlid Care Tips That Work
Caring for Midas cichlid fish requires heavy water changes because these big guys eat and produce a lot of waste in the aquarium.

Midas Cichlid Food Is The Key To Healthy Fish
What you feed your red devil fish will determine how long and healthy their lives will be. Remember healthy fish are happy fish too.

Midas Cichlid Guide: The Colorful Beauty of the Aquatic World



Welcome to the fascinating world of Midas Cichlids! These vibrant and captivating creatures are a popular choice among aquarium enthusiasts due to their stunning colors and unique behavior. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore everything you need to know about Midas Cichlids, from their origins to their care requirements. So, let's dive in and discover the wonders of these remarkable fish!

Midas Cichlid: A Brief Overview

The Midas Cichlid, scientifically known as Amphilophus citrinellus, is a species of fish native to the freshwater lakes and rivers of Central America, particularly in Nicaragua and Costa Rica. These cichlids are named after the legendary King Midas from Greek mythology, who possessed the power to turn everything he touched into gold. Similarly, the Midas Cichlid's vibrant golden coloration has earned it its regal name.

Appearance and Coloration

Midas Cichlids are renowned for their striking appearance. They have a robust and elongated body shape, with males typically growing larger and more colorful than females. The males can reach lengths of up to 12 inches, while females tend to be slightly smaller.

Their coloration varies depending on their mood and breeding status. Adult males often display a vibrant golden or orange hue, with vertical black bands on their bodies and fins. During breeding season, their colors intensify, and their dorsal fins may elongate and become more pointed. Females, on the other hand, have a more subdued color palette, usually ranging from pale yellow to silver.

Natural Habitat and Behavior

In their natural habitat, Midas Cichlids inhabit the warm and murky waters of lakes, rivers, and swamps. They are primarily found in areas with dense vegetation and rocky substrates. These fish are highly adaptable and can thrive in a wide range of water conditions, including slightly brackish water.

Midas Cichlids are known for their aggressive and territorial behavior. They establish territories and defend them fiercely, especially during breeding and nesting periods. Males often engage in elaborate courtship displays to attract females, including mouth-brooding behavior, where the male carries fertilized eggs in his mouth until they hatch.

Setting up the Ideal Aquarium for Midas Cichlids

Tank Size and Requirements

When it comes to housing Midas Cichlids, providing them with a spacious and well-equipped aquarium is crucial for their well-being. A tank size of at least 50 gallons is recommended for a single Midas Cichlid, with additional space required for each additional fish. The tank should be equipped with a sturdy lid, as these fish are known to be skilled jumpers.

Water Parameters

Maintaining optimal water conditions is essential for the health of your Midas Cichlids. They thrive in temperatures ranging from 75 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit (24 to 28 degrees Celsius) and prefer a pH level between 6.5 and 8.0. It is important to regularly test the water parameters and perform necessary water changes to ensure a clean and stable environment.

Tank Decor and Filtration

Creating a suitable habitat for Midas Cichlids involves providing them with ample hiding spots and territories. Incorporate rocks, caves, and driftwood into the aquarium to mimic their natural habitat. Live plants can also be added, but keep in mind that Midas Cichlids may uproot them during their territorial behavior.

A robust filtration system is crucial to maintain water quality and remove any waste or debris. Consider using a canister filter or a combination of mechanical, biological, and chemical filtration methods to keep the water clean and clear.

Feeding Midas Cichlids

Midas Cichlids are omnivorous, meaning they consume both plant matter and small aquatic organisms. In the wild, their diet consists of algae, insects, small crustaceans, and even smaller fish. When kept in captivity, it is important to provide them with a varied and balanced diet to ensure their nutritional needs are met.

High-quality commercial cichlid pellets or flakes can serve as the staple diet for Midas Cichlids. Supplement their diet with occasional live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and daphnia to mimic their natural feeding habits. It is also beneficial to include some plant matter, such as blanched vegetables or spirulina-based foods, to provide essential fiber and vitamins.

Breeding and Reproduction

Breeding Midas Cichlids can be a rewarding experience for dedicated aquarium enthusiasts. These fish exhibit fascinating reproductive behavior and are known for their exceptional parenting skills. Here's what you need to know about breeding Midas Cichlids:

1. Pair Bonding: Midas Cichlids form monogamous pairs and establish strong bonds with their chosen mates. It is essential to provide ample hiding spots and territories within the aquarium to accommodate their breeding behavior.

2. Courtship Displays: Male Midas Cichlids engage in elaborate courtship displays to attract females. These displays involve vibrant color changes, fin flaring, and nipping behaviors. The male will also dig spawning pits and create nests to entice the female.

3. Egg Laying: Midas Cichlids are substratum spawners; this means the females lay their eggs on a hard surface such as a piece of slate, wood, clay flower and even the aquarium glass. Males typically follow behind the female to fertilize the eggs as the female is laying them.


Are Midas Cichlids suitable for beginners?

Yes, Midas Cichlids can be suitable for beginners, provided they have some experience in keeping and maintaining aquariums. These fish require a larger tank and have specific care requirements, including water parameters and territorial behavior.

Can Midas Cichlids be kept with other fish?

Midas Cichlids are best kept in a species-only tank or with other large, robust fish that can handle their aggressive behavior. Avoid keeping them with small or timid fish, as they may become targets of aggression.

How long do Midas Cichlids live?

With proper care, Midas Cichlids can live for up to 10 years or more. Providing them with a suitable habitat, balanced diet, and regular maintenance will contribute to their longevity.

Can Midas Cichlids change their color?

Midas Cichlids can exhibit color changes based on their mood, breeding status, and environmental factors. Males, in particular, may display more vibrant colors during breeding season.

Can Midas Cichlids be kept in a community tank?

While Midas Cichlids are not typically recommended for community tanks, they can coexist with other large, robust fish that can handle their aggressive behavior. However, careful monitoring and consideration of tank mates are essential to maintain harmony within the aquarium.

Do Midas Cichlids require a specific water flow in their tank?

Midas Cichlids prefer moderate water flow within their tank. Avoid strong currents that may stress or exhaust them. Adjust the filtration system and use decor to create areas of calm and gentle water movement.


Midas Cichlids are undoubtedly a captivating addition to any aquarium. With their vibrant colors, unique behavior, and remarkable parenting skills, these fish never fail to mesmerize both novice and experienced fishkeepers. By providing them with a suitable habitat, a balanced diet, and adequate care, you can enjoy the beauty and wonder of these regal creatures in your own home. So, dive into the world of Midas Cichlids and witness the magic they bring to your aquatic oasis.